If you don’t know what you’re looking for, company reporting season doesn’t necessarily stir excitement.
- In the six months to December, 86 per cent of companies reported statutory profits
- Total revenues fell by 0.9 per cent
- Just under 79 per cent of companies shared profits with shareholders
But the latest half-year results have been one of the most fascinating in recent memory and have given us a look into just how corporate Australia, and thus the economy we all live in, is faring.
Just like other recent economic indicators, like the falling unemployment rate, reporting season has been better than expected.
“This reporting season has been an extremely positive one,” chief investment officer at Burman Invest, Julia Lee, told The Business.
Equity analysts who study companies closely put out predictions about what numbers those businesses will report in terms of their revenue, profits, cash holdings, tax paid and dividends to shareholders.
They’re traditionally pretty optimistic forecasts.
So when more companies beat those forecasts than miss them, it suggests businesses are performing very well.
“It’s been a good season — companies are reporting earnings, more companies are reporting dividends and a lot of companies have a significant amount of cash on hand,” CommSec chief economist Craig James told The Business.
Looking at some of the numbers, you’d be forgiven for being surprised Australia entered its first recession in nearly three decades last year.
“We got something like 86 per cent of the ASX200 companies reporting a profit,” Mr James said.
Companies that did particularly well divvied up their takings with shareholders.
“Certainly it’s been a bumper season for the miners, particularly in terms of iron ore,” Mr James said.
“If you can sell more of the product and if the prices are getting up towards some of the highest levels that we have ever seen, clearly you’re in a great position to be able to provide some money back to shareholders.”
Iron ore prices nearly doubled in the half, and coupled with surging demand from China, it meant the likes of BHP, Rio Tinto and Fortescue Metals Group had plenty of cash to hand out to shareholders.
But it wasn’t just the miners who paid out.
“The banking sector looks like it’s started an upgrade in terms of its earning cycle as well, so that’s a very positive signal for investors,” Ms Lee said.
CBA increased its dividend from the six months prior, although it was still lower than pre-COVID levels.
Part of the recovery in the banks is because more people are getting back to repaying their mortgages.
The Australian Banking Association says 91 per cent of mortgages that were deferred at the peak of the pandemic are now being repaid as normal.
“We’ve seen a very strong recovery across Australia,” CBA chief executive Matt Comyn told The Business when his company reported in early February.
“Which I think is a credit to the overall management of the pandemic.”
JobKeeper cash back
The government is also reaping some financial benefits from strong company performances.
“When the crisis hit, a number of the retailers put their hand out and said, ‘yes we’ll have some of that JobKeeper money’, and now 12 months down the track a lot of them are saying, ‘we’re a little bit embarrassed we’ve done a whole lot better than we expected so we’ll give you some of those dollars back’,” Mr James explained.
Some of the companies that returned JobKeeper payments include Cochlear, Toyota, Iluka Resources, Adairs, Nick Scali, Dominos and Super Retail Group.
But not every company that posted a solid profit is handing the taxpayer money back.
“In March 2020, Gerry Harvey told Sixty Minutes that his profits are up nine per cent; it’s difficult to see how he qualified for JobKeeper much less to see why he should now hang on to government subsidies,” criticised Labour MP Andrew Leigh.
Harvey Norman increased its dividend to shareholders, after doubling its profits in the half.
“Other firms that have been highly profitable in 2020 ought to think about whether now is the right time to return JobKeeper,” Mr Leigh told The Business.
Not everyone is soaring
Not surprisingly, tourism companies suffered more losses in the six months to December.
Qantas reported a $1.08 billion loss as its revenue plunged $6.9 billion because of continued travel restrictions.
Chief executive Alan Joyce said the airline was pushing back its expected return to international travel to October.
“We’re only planning for 40 per cent of our international operation to come back in financial year 2022 — we don’t think we’ll get back to 2019 levels until 2024,” he said.
Flight Centre’s loss after tax totalled $317 million.
“The conditions we have encountered since March last year have undoubtedly posed the greatest challenge our industry and many others have faced,” said chief executive Graham Turner when handing down his company’s results.
Webjet, another player in the travel space, posted a net loss of $132 million for the second half of last year.
Its revenue was slashed by 90 per cent.
Growth won’t last
In many ways, the rebound has been so good, because the six months before were so bad.
Which suggests while the growth has been significant, it’s unlikely to remain at the levels seen this reporting season.
Take the retail space.
We all remember the supply issues with some of our daily staples and how busy supermarkets were when the pandemic first hit — and whenever there’s an outbreak.
But those surges haven’t been extended long term.
“We saw that definitely coming through in Coles, which came out with a strong result, but then the outlook was very soft and we saw the shares being sold off,” explained Ms Lee.
It’s unlikely JB Hi Fi Group’s 86 per cent rise in profit to $317.7 million will be repeated.
Sales for the retailer, which includes its New Zealand business and The Good Guys, rose nearly 24 per cent to $4.9 billion.
JB Hi-Fi chief executive Richard Murray described it as an “extraordinary period” but due to the uncertainty of the pandemic, the company did not provide sales and earning guidance for the second half of the financial year.
Corporate Australia’s caution is also seen in the amount of cash businesses are keeping in the bank.
He said 70 per cent of companies lifted their cash holdings in the past year, with aggregate cash holdings more than 50 per cent higher, up from $82 billion to $124 billion.
Despite the record-breaking reporting season, the losses felt from widespread shutdowns early in 2020 are fresh in the minds of businesses, and they’re prepared for another hit.