Crystal Anthurium (an-THUR-ee-um kriss-TAL-in-um) is an indoor plant that is highly regarded for its gorgeous ornamental leaves. It is relatively easy to take care of, so it is favored by many houseplant lovers.
Native to the edge of tropical rain forests in South and Central America, Anthurium has large, soft heart-shaped leaves covered with prominent white veins.
Anthurium is a perennial epiphyte or “air plant”. It gets most of its nutrients from the surrounding air, rain, and debris.
Like many popular indoor plants, Anthurium belongs to the Araceae family. It is also often referred to as:
- Crystal anthurium
Anthurium Crystal Care
Scale and growth
Like all anthurium species, the growth rate of anthurium is very slow. Its leaves become more noticeable over time, but it takes a while to see any significant differences.
Every two to five years, plants grow about 20 inches, so you don’t have to worry about moving plants into larger pots for a while.
Outdoors, the leaves of Anthurium can grow to 24 inches-30 inches. However, in a controlled home environment, it can only grow up to 18 inches.
When it comes to new leaves, Anthurium sprouts a leaf every three to four weeks. Due to its self-titled growth pattern, leaves usually occupy horizontal space.
The buds are either light green with a pale yellow or red tint, or dark purple. As long as the plants are grown under tropical conditions, the flowers can bloom in all seasons.
The flowers of Anthurium have no obvious smell. Many people describe its flowers as having a “pleasant fragrance”, even though it is quiet. It is reminiscent of pine oil cleanser and menthol.
Light and temperature
Anthuriums thrive in humid environments and require a minimum temperature of 65 degrees Fahrenheit to survive. The ideal temperature is between 75 degrees and 80 degrees Fahrenheit.
In colder areas, place the crystal anthurium in the courtyard in summer and in the greenhouse in winter.
In areas with moderate temperatures throughout the year, the crystal anthurium can directly enter the dirt in your backyard. Their gorgeous, velvety dark green leaves will create an excellent backdrop in your yard.
Indoors, place plants in well-ventilated glass containers. Avoid direct sunlight; place it under bright indirect light.
Watering and feeding
Anthurium thrive in an environment with above-average humidity. It is best to replicate the natural environment of the tropical rain forest, which is almost always humid.
During the growing season, keep the soil surface moist. Water the plants regularly, especially in summer, but no more than four to five times a week.
In humid areas, Anthurium crystallinum can be short of water for up to two weeks at a time. In winter, water it with warm water only once every two weeks.
Soil and transplant
Anthurium crystals grow best
- Commercial orchid potting mix,
- Organic gravel, or
- Soil-free media, such as moss or bark.
At the beginning of each spring, a report is made every two years using clay pots. Transfer the plants to a pot of fresh potting mix or soil rich in organic matter.
If the roots of the plant start to fill the pot and smother the soil, replant only your anthurium.
Beauty and maintenance
Crystal Anthurium does not require frequent grooming or maintenance. Sometimes pruning plants from top to bottom, pulling out any dead or discolored leaves and inflorescences, this will be a happy camper.
For maximum growth, always choose slow-release or balanced organic fertilizers. You can also use fully diluted fish milk once a month to keep the plants healthy and well maintained.
Try to avoid using chemical fertilizers as they may damage the roots of plants and hinder their growth.
Fertilizers containing appropriate amounts of nitrogen, magnesium and phosphorus are very suitable for flower growth.
More about Anthurium
How to breed crystal anthurium
Propagation of crystal anthurium by seed or division.
Buy seeds or collect them from grape berries. Plant the seeds in fertile soil and wait 2-5 weeks until they germinate.
You can also breed crystal anthurium by splitting. To do this, separate the seedlings from the roots of the plant as soon as they appear.
Then cut the subsoil stems of the seedlings in half. Both sectors should have roots so that the seedlings can grow well.
Let them rest for about a day before planting the two halves in separate pots. After potting, keep the soil moist and feed them with diluted high-quality fertilizer until the plants are stable.
Crystal Anthurium pests or diseases
Like most indoor plants, Anthurium is susceptible to mealybugs, aphids, and scales.
If you find any of these pests, please sprinkle them with a little insecticidal soap and water.
You can also mix two tablespoons of neem oil and three teaspoons of mild liquid soap into about one gallon of water to make a simple neem oil solution.
Perform this treatment once a week for two to three weeks until all pests disappear.
Anthurium also experiences some diseases caused by bacterial and fungal infections.
If your plant has burn marks or yellowing spots along the leaf edges, it may be due to excessive watering. Cut off the affected leaves with sterile gauze to avoid infecting the surrounding leaves.
If your plant suddenly starts to turn yellow and wilt, you may need to check its roots. Pythium fungal infection can cause leaves to turn yellow and wither, which can spread due to soil flooding.
Here are some factors to keep in mind when buying anthurium crystals:
Crystal Anthurium can be used for several years as long as it is properly maintained. If it is happy, it will grow new leaves and new flowers throughout the year.
This large-leaf plant thrives throughout the season. Its flowers can bloom anywhere between summer and winter. In addition, it can bloom up to six times a year.
Difficulty of nursing
Although Anthurium is not a demanding plant, it needs proper care.
Anthurium is a safe and simple choice for botanists and gardeners beginners. It does not require frequent care or special treatment.
As long as you regularly water the plants and keep them within the required temperature range, your crystal anthurium will thrive for a long time.