Anthurium (an-thyoo-ree-uhm) is the largest genus in the arum genus of the Araceae family and consists of approximately 1,000 different perennial species. It is native to the Americas, distributed from northern Mexico to northern Argentina and parts of the Caribbean.
Anthurium plants are highly regarded for their gorgeous and bright leaves and flowers. They come in various colors (red, pink, yellow, and combinations of the three) and shapes (spiral, rod, cone, and spherical).
Some wild anthurium flowers are very fragrant and are often used in perfumes and body sprays.
Anthurium plant normally called as:
- Flamingo flower
- Lace leaf
- Painted Tongue Plant
Like most aroids, anthurium plants can be grown indoors. They are relatively easy to take care of and don’t need anything special. With little attention and care, your Anthurium plant can easily thrive indoors throughout the year.
Anthurium plant care
Scale and growth
Anthurium plants usually grow anywhere between 20 inches and 35 inches, depending on the species. However, there are more than 1,000 recorded species of Anthurium andraeanum, so it is difficult to find average size and growth estimates.
For example, Anthurium has large heart-shaped leaves, which can grow to 24 inches and 10 inches-12 inches wide at maximum maturity.The same statement Anthurium.
On the other hand, the anthurium can grow to 12 inches to 28 inches, and the anthurium, also known as the giant of Faustino, can grow to 72 inches.
Anthurium plants are slow to gentle growers. Under optimal conditions, anthurium can grow 15 inches to 20 inches in about 2 to 5 years. However, if the light level is too low, anthurium may not grow at all.
Anthurium plants have a variety of fragrances, from sweet marzipan, blueberry and mango, to old shoes and vomit.
Some anthuriums, such as crystal anthuriums, do not smell at all. Flamingo flowers (Anthurium andraeanum) are often used in colognes, body sprays, perfumes, and even candles because they smell like mixed flowers: sweet and tropical!
Most anthurium plants bloom year-round. Bloom lasts for any time between several weeks to 2-3 months. When placed in a high-humidity area and given enough indirect sunlight and water, anthurium flowers will bloom.
Light and temperature
Anthurium plants thrive in high humidity and warm temperatures. Therefore, they perform well at temperatures ranging from 75º to 85º Fahrenheit, especially during the day. However, at night, they will not reject temperatures between 70 and 75 degrees Fahrenheit.
Under special circumstances, the Anthurium plant can tolerate temperatures as high as 90°F and as low as 45°F. However, it is important to note that Anthurium plants do not perform well for long periods of time at these temperatures.
Like most other indoor plants, anthurium plants must be placed in bright indirect sunlight.
Watering and feeding
Always keep the soil of the Anthurium plant slightly moist. Don’t let it dry out completely. Even so, immersing it in water is better than immersing it in water. Excessive watering can cause root rot, which is a serious problem that can affect the long-term health of your anthurium.
Anthurium plants do not need much water. However, if you live in a particularly hot or humid place, please water your anthurium every 2-3 days.
Before watering again, make sure the top of the soil is about 25% dry. In winter, water your anthurium every 5 to 10 days. Anthurium does not grow actively in winter, so you don’t need to water them like summer.
Soil and transplant
Anthurium needs to be transplanted every two years. Root-knotted Anthurium should be repotted as soon as possible to avoid slow growth and leaf wilting.
As much as possible, replant the plant in the same potting soil it had lived in before. Most Anthuriums require ultra-light and moderately loose potting soil with a pH of about 6.5. You can also use two parts orchid mixture, one part perlite and one part peat.
Beauty and maintenance
Anthuriums rarely need to be groomed or maintained. Instead, wipe the accumulated dust on large leaves regularly, remove any discoloration or dead leaves, and cut wilted or withered flowers from the base of the plant stem.
You can also twist off the wayward leaves occasionally to keep the plants looking nice and tidy.
How to propagate Anthurium plants
There are two ways to propagate Anthurium plants, either through seeds or through cuttings asexually.
Seeds can be purchased online or collected from Anthurium flowers. After placing them in fully fertilized soil, it takes about 5-7 days to germinate.
They can also be propagated from cuttings. In this case, you need to carefully choose healthy stems that are at least 6 inches long and have 2-3 sets of leaves.
Dip the cut ends of the stems in rooting hormone to help them grow, and then bury them in a pot with an appropriate amount of potting mix. When finished, water the plants. The roots will begin to develop in about 4-6 weeks.
Like most indoor plants, anthurium plants are susceptible to pests such as aphids, mealybugs, scales, and whiteflies.
Fortunately, it is easy to kill and prevent these pests.you can Use insecticidal soap Or gardening oil, such as Get oil. Dilute two tablespoons of neem oil per gallon of water, then pour the mixture into a spray bottle.
Spray the affected plants every 5-14 days until the pests no longer pose a threat.
Anthurium plants also have quite a few diseases, including leaf spot, fusarium wilt and fungal rot. These are mainly caused by excessive watering.
Anthurium is one of the most popular family plants. In addition to their gorgeous aesthetics, their maintenance is relatively simple. Therefore, if you are still deciding whether to adopt Anthurium andraeanum plants, I strongly recommend you to try it!