How to grow asparagus Densiflorus Ferns

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Foxtail Fern Botanically known as Asparagus densiflorus (a-SPARE-uh-gus den-see-FLOR-us) is a native of the Cape of Good Hope region in South Africa.

This perennial herb belongs to the genus Asparagus and is a member of the Liliaceae family.

Foxtail Asparagus Fern at Disney World in Orlando, Floridapin
Asparagus and Foxtail Fern at Disney World in Orlando, Florida | Photo: PlantCareToday

The species name densiflorus refers to the tiny white flowers that grow densely along the stems of plants. It may also refer to the dense foliage of plants.

Common names include:

  • Sprenger’s Asparagus Fern
  • Asparagus fern
  • asparagus
  • Foxtail Fern
  • Emerald Fern

Asparagus and Foxtail Fern Care

Asparagus densiflorus is an ornamental plant, not an edible asparagus.

Scale and growth

Foxtail fern plants can reach heights of 2 to 3 feet and spread from 3 to 4 feet.

Evergreen needle-like leaves resemble ferns on attractive arched stems, but this plant is not actually a fern. The new growth appeared in the form of cylindrical spears.

When kept in deep shade, the leaves are very light green. In partial shade, the leaves are dark green.

Adequate sunlight is not recommended as it will cause the foxtail fern to turn yellow. Asparagus fern has small spines, no problem.


Foxtail fern is a seasonal peruviana that produces very small white flowers, which then turn into bright red berries.

Foxtail fern densiflorus ripe red berriespin
Foxtail Fern Asparagus densiflorus – Photo

Although the flowers are small and inconspicuous, they are very fragrant. Foxtail grass blooms from late spring to early summer.

After this, the flowers turn into small, charming bright red berries, which mature in autumn.

Light and temperature

Foxtail fern plants work best under partial shade with bright indirect light. In some areas, they will grow in direct sunlight.

Foxtail grass growing in full sun – Photo

Foxtail plants can tolerate low temperatures as low as 25 degrees Fahrenheit.

It may die at this low temperature, but the root system will remain vigorous under the soil.

In colder climates, lower temperatures will completely kill plants. Bring potted plants indoors in the winter.

Watering and feeding asparagus Foxtail Meyeri

Foxtail plants are somewhat drought tolerant.

During the growing season, water the plants regularly and reduce the watering schedule as indoor plants in winter.

It will not sleep, but will rest in the colder months of the year.

notes: When growing plants indoors, atomization will keep setaria in water.

Fertilization of Foxtail Fern

Foxtail asparagus has a low demand for fertilizer. But a little bit of fertilizer provides them with nutrients, making them stronger and better colored.

Apply a balanced, granular slow-release fertilizer at the beginning of spring, summer, and autumn.

Fertilizing with a balanced, semi-strength liquid fertilizer once a month is another option.

Foxtail fern grows well in soil that contains a lot of organic matter. If you have abundant compost available, you may not need to fertilize.

Soil and transplant

The potting soil should be well-drained soil, slightly acidic soil, and always kept moist for best results.

Beauty and maintenance

Foxtail fern is an attractive houseplant that is easy to care for.

It can spread and wander quite a bit and needs to be trimmed or contracted to help maintain its growth and shape.

You can also promote complete regeneration by cutting the plant back to the ground and giving it a chance to start new growth.

Foxtail grass in the afternoon sun – Photo

How to breed foxtail asparagus

Asparagus densiflorus myers can reproduce by seed or division.

Collect berries from mature plants in autumn. Separate them and you will find some black seeds inside.

Injure them with a nail file, then soak them in warm water for several hours. Sow the seeds in a pot of moist soil and lightly cover with plastic film.

Place the container in a warm area (75°-85° Fahrenheit), under bright indirect light.

Keep the soil moist until the seeds begin to germinate, then remove the plastic.

To reproduce through division, simply cut the root ball or root system when replanting the plant.

Diseases and pests of foxtail flowers

Generally speaking, Foxtail Fern does not have any serious diseases or insect problems.

In a humid environment outdoors, you may encounter problems with aphids, mealybugs, scale insects, red spiders and slugs.

Humidity can also cause leaf spot and leaf rot.

Is foxtail grass poisonous or poisonous?

This plant is a true member of the asparagus family, but it is not an edible plant.

Asparagus fern is slightly toxic because its sap can irritate the skin.

In addition, if you eat berries, it will cause gastrointestinal discomfort.

The adverse reactions to sap and berries are usually mild, but it is best to wear gloves when handling this plant and then wash it.

Of course, since this is not an edible plant, you should not eat berries.

Are plants considered invasive?

Outdoors, birds will eat the seeds and spread randomly. The seeds are safe for birds.

In the cold hardiness zone 9 to 11 of the USDA, this heat-loving and salt-tolerant plant will soon be naturalized.

For this reason, the plant is considered to be somewhat invasive in tropical and subtropical areas such as Hawaii and Florida.

Uses of foxtail asparagus ferns

It works well as a naturalized garden plant, marginal plant, or garden plant in the US Department of Agriculture Zones 9-11.

It can also make interesting ground cover plants and potted specimens. The picture below is an asparagus fern planted in a larger pot.

Learn more about Asparagus care.

Potted Asparagus Serengeti Ferns in Large Containers-St. John's Town Center-Jacksonville, Floridapin
sprengeri fern 18 inch container size – Photo

It is an excellent indoor plant in all other hardy areas Even in the bathroomDuring the growing season (spring to autumn), it can be placed in an outdoor hanging basket and brought in in winter.

Foxtail fern does not require high humidity, so it grows well in indoor heating environments in winter.

As a container plant, foxtail fern is a good potted plant, while emerald ferns are very suitable for hanging baskets or placing them on pedestals as specimen plants.

The stems provide a good background for floral arrangements.

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