world Pepper plant care There are many appearances. For example, some Peperomia varieties that you will find in the indoor tropical plant area in the center of your local garden are labeled as baby rubber plants.
Other varieties of peperomias are strictly hobby collectors.
Peperomias like Peperomia obtusifolia have long been the most popular indoor indoor plants. Its popularity is due to their adaptability to the house atmosphere, attractive foliage and compact growth habits.
Succulent pepper plants: relatives of South American pepper family
Peperomia is a perennial plant related to pepper plants. It comes from a large South American family (the Peperomia genus has about 1,000 species, with a few from Africa). The name means “plants related to peppers”.
Their succulent heart-shaped leaves distinguish pepper plants from other small potted tabletop indoor plants.
Unique, juicy leaves, bushy posts or rosettes make many Spicy type It’s attractive as a houseplant, and it’s also fun to collect.
Popular varieties of Peperomia plants include:
- Red chilli And attractive sports chili (Emerald ripple)
- Pepper frost – Charming silver frosted leaves
- pepper (Watermelon pepper)-The variegated leaves resemble watermelon rinds.
- pepper (Cushion-shaped peperomia) grows to 12 inches tall, with small semi-succulent, narrow lemon green leaves and small yellow flowers.
- black pepper, Sometimes called “baby rubber plant”, a common species with dark green leaves and succulent cup-shaped leaves.Species Obtuse leaf Make a good garden floor covering in the shade.
Care tips for growing pepper plants
Scale and growth rate
Generally, any of the 1,000 relatively slow-growing peperomias, as well as many varieties, can only reach an overall maximum height of 10 inches to 12 inches tall.
Some pepper varieties like Peperomia prostrata are good hanging plant specimens and good additives Good plants for the bathroom.
The flowers sit on long flower spikes, which are covered with very small, unscented flowers.
Peperomia Care-bright light requirements and temperature
Peperomia plants are easy to grow in the house. They are called radiator plants because they are easy to care for and sit on a domestic radiator. They like warmth but do not need high humidity.
They like bright indirect light conditions, but do not need direct sunlight.
Peperomias don’t like shade or direct sunlight, these are two very big extremes. So plant a pepper plant somewhere in between (bright indirect light is perfect) and you will be fine.
If there is insufficient light, Peperomias will become weak and have long legs.
In summer, plants grow and thrive at room temperature between 68 degrees and 78 degrees Fahrenheit. However, in winter, the temperature should not fall below 50 degrees Fahrenheit.
notes: Peperomias grow well under artificial fluorescent lights.
Quickly watering and fertilizing pepper plants
Peperomia care tips: watch out for excessive watering of plantsDepending on the time and temperature of the year, watering once every 7-10 days is sufficient.
Peperomias hate watering too much and will rot at the base. Therefore, I like to let the soil dry completely before watering again. This will greatly help prevent root rot, which is root rot.
Peperomias are not heavy breeders. Therefore, in the “growing season”, that is, in summer, use a diluted, balanced liquid fertilizer every 3 waterings.
Potting soil mixing and transplanting
Generally speaking, peperomias does not need to be repotted. They do a better job with insufficient pots than with excessive pots. When planting, keep the size of the pot small. When changing pots, use well-drained soil.
However, please report when the plant becomes too large for potting. Use a well-draining potting mix (50% peat moss/50% perlite).
Grooming and pruning pepper plants
At any time of the year, if your plants become disorganized or out of control, you may need to trim them.
The leaves, growth, and foliage of baby rubber plants come in many forms, including:
- Single solid color
- Shiny leaves
- Little light green
- Red leaves and stems
Peperomia Flower Spike | Another of many good indoor plants!
Spreading Peperomia’s skills
Propagating baby rubber plants is as easy as taking some tricks, cutting leaves or stems. Use light rooting medium and immerse the ends in rooting powder, tips and leaves to quickly take roots.
Learning to root peperomia cuttings will help maintain the shape of the plant.
But, unfortunately, over time, they can become scattered and “wild.”
Soil used for rooting pepper plants
Soil type plays an important role in the rooting of pepper plants. Since most varieties have a small root system, they are ideal for vegetable gardens. Use a well-draining potting mix to get plenty of air.
Potting soil with a 1:1 mixture of peat moss and perlite is simple and reliable for the rooting and growth of pepper plants.
Most peperomia plants will propagate from leaf cuttings like African violets.The best chance Pepper spread It’s spring, but you can take root anytime.
- Cut the leaves and a small stem
- Glue several cuttings in a pot
- Press or compact the soil around the cuttings after watering
- Cover the pot with a plastic bag or “soda bottle”-make a few holes in the bag or soda bottle
- Put the pot at normal room temperature
- Take out plastic bags or soda bottles regularly to get fresh air and prevent rotting
- New plants will grow from the leaf base
- When the peperomia plant is well rooted and large enough, put the cut pieces back into a separate pot
- Cut off the tip of the growth and a few leaves
- Remove the lowest leaf pair
- Dip the lower stems into Rootone rooting hormone powder
- Follow leaf cutting guidelines
Peperomia pest problems
Peperomia plants belong to a unique group of plants, and few pests and diseases attack them. The biggest enemy may be neglect. When pests such as mealybugs, scale insects and red spiders appear, we use the organic insecticide neem oil.
Read our guide Control Peperomia pests and diseases
However, peperomias does have some diseases.
Faded dead leaves – When the fleshy leaves of pepper plants appear dull, it is usually caused by too much light.
remedy – Move plants to more shade.
Discolored leaves and flowers – This condition is usually caused by excessive watering.
remedy – Let the potting mixture dry out and avoid getting water on the leaves, which can sometimes cause them to rot.
Peperomia Questions and Answers
Are pepper plants poisonous?
Peperomias is non-toxic, but what about cats? detail: Is Peperomias poisonous to cats?
Peperomia wilt, roots, leaves and stems rot
Askuse: I have a stunted obtusifolia Peperomia plant, which is gradually withering, withering and dying. There are dark stems and roots that rot at the soil line. I plan to buy another baby rubber peperomia plant, which may be variegated Peperomia obtusifolia. How can I avoid killing my new factory in the future? Libby Bismarck (North Dakota)
Reply: Libby, this sounds like a fungal disease. The reason comes from the root rot caused by excessive watering of indoor plants. Make sure to plant peppers in well-drained potting soil, avoid excessive watering, and never let the plants sit in a dish with water, otherwise root rot will become a problem. In addition, plants like bright indirect light. If you place plants in low-light areas, reduce watering.
Big pepper falling leaves?
question: Can you tell me why the leaves of my big watermelon pepper plant fall off? I have grown it as a houseplant for several years, and I don’t want to lose it. Darcy Lincoln, Nebraska
Reply: Darcy, the fallen leaves on your plants may be resting naturally and express the need by dropping older leaves. If this is the case, do not water frequently and keep all plant foods until new growth is evident.
However… if it has not been repotted in fresh potting soil for a long time, it may be time to repot it.
Make sure that the base of the plant is not rotted.
If this happens, the end of the stem that connects to the base of the plant will turn into a watery tan paste.
When overwatering, pepper plants sometimes rot in this way, especially in soils that are not easily drained through the drain holes in the pot.
Your houseplants are initially potted in soft, soft soil. However, over time, the soil will break down into smaller particles and compact, thereby reducing its ability to drain properly.
If you diagnose the problem as stem rot or root rot, spread the newspaper on the kitchen table and remove the plants and soil from the pot.
Shake off the soil and wash the roots so you can determine which part of the plant has rotted and which part is still healthy.
Use a sharp knife or pruning shears to rescue the parts of the plant that have not rotted.
Peperomia plants form rosettes with many leaves when they mature. To allow one of them to take root, remove the lower leaves and dust the cut part with rooting hormone (such as Rootone, if available), and insert it into moist fresh soil.
Follow the above section about – Leaf insert
Put it back in a window with indirect sunlight and proper care, the cutting should take root quickly and form beautiful new leafy plants within a few months.