Grow and Spread your cactus And succulents are a gratifying process. Potted plants of cacti and succulents have many things to love-they have unique and diverse growth forms.
First of all, you have a desert cactus, which is the most popular type. Whenever someone mentions “cactus”, it will immediately come to mind.
Then you have jungle cacti (think Christmas cactus And Easter cacti), which is somewhat contrary to their desert species, because they have no spines and are considered epiphytes. They thrive in tropical rain forests and where you least expect them.
Top bagged cactus potting soil mix
To successfully grow healthy cacti as indoor plants or outdoors, you need to keep in mind 3 main environmental factors-light, water, and soil. Newbies who grow cacti and succulents will ask:
- “What is the best soil type for growing cacti?”
- “How should I water my cactus plants?”
- “How much light should my cactus get?”
In this article, we will solve the first problem—— “What is the best soil type for growing cacti?”
Cacti and succulents should not be overwatered. The potting soil mix needs to provide good drainage to help resolve any overwatering issues.
Cactus soil requirements
The best soil for cacti should not be damp all the time, or Root rot will occur Destroy your cactus plants. In addition, a good cactus soil mixture suitable for your plants drains quickly. This is why you do not use garden soil on cacti or succulents.
Your flower pot (I prefer clay pots) must have effective drainage holes and no water at the bottom. Next, mix some organic materials to prevent the soil from drying out quickly. Root likes ventilation, A well-drained soil mixture like this This will dry out completely and get wet soon.
It is best to prepare to change pots as soon as you see the cactus roots begin to drain from the drainage holes at the bottom. Most types of cacti and succulents need to be repotted at least every 2 to 3 years.
The slower-growing types are reported every 3 to 4 years. Then, report when active growth begins in the spring. It is recommended to water two days in advance to ensure that the roots and root bulbs are moisturized.
Ready-to-use cactus potting mix
Novice cactus enthusiasts who know nothing about making cacti and succulent soil mixtures often visit the local garden center or Online Shopping It is used to prepare the materials needed for repotting.
Most garden centers and nurseries carry cactus soil mixtures, such as Miracle-Gro, which is specially made for cactus roots and stems.
Top bagged cactus or succulent potting soil
A good soil mixture is characterized by good drainage, but has the ability to retain water, but it will not completely dry out. The flowing water will be quickly absorbed by cacti or succulents and stored in the body. The excess water in the soil is drained from the holes at the bottom.
Commercial potting medium has the basic elements of good potting soil Sphagnum moss, Which is very suitable for maintaining the moisture needed by cactus plants.
Most of the cactus potting soils available in the market will allow cacti and succulents to grow to maturity.
However, this is a one-size-fits-all approach. If you want your desert cactus or jungle cactus to thrive, you must come up with your own special cactus soil mixture.
The most suitable potting soil for cacti-make your own
Making cactus soil is simple and cheap.
Prepare a suitable container, large enough to hold all the ingredients, and have enough space to mix them together without spilling over the edges.
Some good examples include a large plastic bucket or trolley.
In addition, a device for measuring consistency is included. A small shovel should be enough to gather them together.I use Ash spoons like this are used to mix soil.
How to make cactus soil a potted DIY recipe
Samples of cactus soil formulations for plant growth include the following:
- A pinch of cuttings
- One serving of coarse sand-I use construction sand
- Four bags of potting soil – Like an African violet mix
- Wufen Perlite
Use small stones, aquarium stones or Premium pea gravel To prevent the crown of the cactus from rot. Add one tablespoon of white vinegar for every 5 gallons of water to slightly increase the acidity of the soil.
Cactus mud is desert cactus
Despite most of the scenes you see in the movie, it is not a good thing that cacti thrive in pure sand. In contrast, desert cacti (Aka cactus Or furry Old Man Cactus) Prefer nutrient-rich rocky soil in well-drained pots or containers. Ensure nutrients such as peat moss and coconut shells, pumice, Perlite or vermiculite can well combine soil aeration and drainage properties.
Use standard potting soil as the basis and avoid forest products such as wood chips and pine bark. Add 2 parts of pumice, which is a light porous volcanic rock.If not, you can use chicken sand, NAPA dry oil No. 8822, aquatic plant soil, insoluble cat litter, vermiculite or PerliteThis element is essential because it allows water to pass through your potting mixture quickly while providing good ventilation.
Put some at the end Coconut shellThis will slowly decompose and help the cactus mixture retain moisture while providing structure. Compared with peat, it is also wettable and does not compact in the process.
Cactus soil for jungle cacti
Almost all jungle cacti are stone plants or epiphytes. This means that they can grow on rocks or rely on surrounding trees to survive.
These cactus types- Orchid cactus – Have a unique ability to get essential nutrients from dead leaves or debris left in cracks and cracks, and even get their daily needs from the air!
Therefore, to mimic the natural growth environment of jungle cacti, you need a potting mix that includes oak leaf mold, pumice, coconut shell, sphagnum, Bat Guano, And some orchid bark or fir bark.
Epiphytic cacti require a potting soil similar to the desert cactus type. After that, you need to change a little bit.
- 1 part pumice to reduce soil compaction
- 2 parts crude orchid peel
This provides more aeration performance, rather than just putting more conventional potting soil into the mix. However, over time, the bark will decompose and eventually become soil, which means it’s time to change pots.
These are just examples of good cactus potting soils you can try. But, of course, the perfect mix depends on the type of cactus you want to grow, and you also need to prepare the other two main growth environments, namely water and light.
Part of the fun of making your own cactus soil mixture is to try the best method for your beloved cacti and succulents!