There are more than 1,000 different species of impatiens, and they constitute all but one species in the family Balsamaceae (The other is a monotype or a single genus, Three Flower Narcissus).
Emerge from this broad genus Impatiens (im-PAY-shenz HAWK-er-i), commonly referred to as New Guinea Impatiens, named after its place of origin, Papua New Guinea and Solomon Islands.
New Guinea impatiens (sometimes called touch-me-not or simply impatiens) is a wonderful, long-flowering perennial plant that is usually grown as an annual plant.
After the initial attempts to introduce New Guinea Impatiens to the United States in the early 1970s failed. The plant has become a source of many cultivated varieties (Bask in the sun), is now one of the most common impatiens species in the United States.
Some of these varieties include:
- Bonfire Orange
- Celebrate peaches
- Celebrating salmon-bold salmon pink flowers
- Celebration apricot
- Celebration bonfire orange
- Celebration lavender
- Celebration light salmon
- Sonic Magic Pink – Big candy pink flowers
New Guinea Impatiens Care
Scale and growth
These plants tend to be small, usually only round 12 inches to 18 inches tall.
When grown as a perennial, the plant will last for several years.
It has larger dark green leaves than ordinary impatiens, which are oblong to lanceolate. The leaves of New Guinea Impatiens may turn burgundy, remain dark green, or have variegated leaves.
The leaves are arranged in opposite or wheel-like patterns, with serrated edges.
New Guinea Impatiens
New Guinea plants tend to bloom early, lasting from late spring to summer Colorful annual plants When raised as a perennial, it may bloom forever.
Large flowers of New Guinea hybrids: Colorful flowers, such as leaves, are larger than other common species, with 4 to 5 petals and different colors, including:
The flowers produce small, ribbed, explosive seed capsules.
Light and temperature
This kind of impatiens prefers full sun to partial shade, but if there is too much or too little sunlight, their blooms will decrease.
Good places for plants to get plenty of morning sun and partial afternoon shade are often best for outdoor plants.
- The dappled afternoon sun is a good choice.
- For indoor plants, bright indirect light also works well.
- Indoor plants work well under normal household humidity.
- In particularly dry weather, outdoor plants may be affected.
In US Department of Agriculture Zones 10 to 12, Impatiens New Guinea can be grown as outdoor perennials.
Avoid growing them outdoors every year until the night temperature stays above 45 degrees Fahrenheit.
Indoors (or when bringing potted perennials outdoors), aim for a temperature between 70 degrees and 85 degrees Fahrenheit during the day and 55 degrees and 65 degrees Fahrenheit at night.
If the weather forecast predicts that the temperature will drop below 55 degrees Fahrenheit or there is a risk of frost, please bring the potted specimens indoors.
Watering, hydrating and feeding
It is best to make sure that your impatiens has even, continuously moist soil.
Avoid allowing the soil to dry out completely, as this will cause the flowers to fall off and may wilt. Excessive watering can cause root rot.
A good rule of thumb for potted plants is to wait until the soil is about 2 inches below dry.
Water the soil directly (drip irrigation) and avoid top-down methods to reduce the risk of fungal infections.
You need to slowly pour, covering the entire radius of the pot, until the water starts to seep from the drain hole.
Reduce watering at colder temperatures.
With the lowest dosage and ratio listed on the package, it is best to feed the impatiens with fully water-soluble fertilizer after watering.
For outdoor plants, mix slow-release fertilizers into the soil when planting.
What soil type does New Guinea Impatiens prefer?
This plant likes fertile, fertile, and well-drained soil. Potting soil with a lot of organic matter works very well, and orchid mixture is a good choice.
The pH is not important, although your impatiens will thrive when the soil has a pH of 6.0 to 6.5.
When planting outdoors, add a lot of compost or other organic matter to the soil and cover it with some mulch
If you transplant it outdoors every year, make sure that the plant is at the same soil level as when it was potted.
Perennial specimens will benefit from soil changes every other year.
Beauty and maintenance
In addition to weeding, this plant requires very low maintenance during annual planting.
As a perennial, you may want to trim off dead leaves for a better appearance. Use regular pruning to keep overgrown and elongated plants compact.
How to spread impatiens
If you have a cultivated variety, it is generally discouraged to propagate this plant through seed for two reasons:
- In many cases, the seed is sterile or may revert to the parent.
- Some sports have registered trademarks, so it is illegal to promote without the permission of the trademark holder.
In other words, stem cuttings are very easy to reproduce, no matter from Impatiens And from any non-trademark variety.
Diseases and Pests of Impatiens in New Guinea
New Guinea Impatiens is a very hardy plant with moderate heat tolerance and resistance to downy mildew.
However, over-watering can cause this plant to face several problems, such as fungal blight, powdery mildew, various forms of rot and spot virus.
Although common pests (aphids, mealybugs, etc.) can infect impatiens, they are not a major threat.
Like all impatiens, touch-me-nots are non-toxic to cats and dogs, but if humans or pets ingest this plant, it may cause mild diarrhea and vomiting.
In other words, if cooked properly, this plant is edible.
New Guinea Impatiens produces a lot of nectar, which is very suitable for butterfly gardens or attracting hummingbirds.
The leaves are traditionally associated with Toon It is also used as friction to relieve labor pain, and can also be cooked and used as a medicine to treat stomach pain.
They look great as independent plants in outdoor containers. Disney World has achieved great success in using this popular bedding in large-scale planting landscapes. The New Guinea Impatiens also pair perfectly with begonias, fritillaria and hosta.
When grown as perennials, they look beautiful in hanging baskets, flower pots, or shelves. As an annual one, it is perfect for seasonal flower beds and borders.
If you have a good houseplant The south-facing window is sunny and sunny. Bringing impatiens indoors in the winter is a good way to protect them, and can add luster to your home in the dull winter.