If someone mentions aglaonema (ag-lay-oh-NEE-muh), you may not recognize the name immediately, but you most likely have seen it before.
Usually called Chinese EvergreenThese members of the Araceae family have been found throughout subtropical Asia and Indonesia.
The scientific name “aglaonema” means the “point” of its spear-shaped bracts.
Used as a popular decoration for centuries, aglaonemas finally entered the West in 1885.
Although there are 21 to 24 species of aglaonema (depending on who you are talking to), there are hundreds of cultivars.
Details Aglaonema Chinese Evergreen Tree
Aglaonema plant uses
Aglaonemas is not intolerant to cold. Once it reaches 59 degrees Fahrenheit, it will begin to suffer, although some new varieties have been bred to improve cold tolerance.
In the southernmost part of the United States, these plants are used for ground cover, landscaping, large-scale planting, and shade gardens.
However, they are most often grown indoors or planted in beds as independent specimens.
Most varieties are variegated, so although they can easily handle full shadows, you may want to give them partial or dappled sunlight to make the colors more vivid.
However, these plants grow on the forest floor, so do not place them in direct sunlight.
Traditionally, this plant is considered a source of good luck.
Today, they are called clean air plants, of which Aglaonema mediumum is listed NASA Clean Air Research Effectively remove benzene and formaldehyde in indoor air.
It should be noted that the aglaonema plant has a high content of calcium oxalate, making them toxic to humans and pets.
It is also known that tree sap can cause skin rashes and other skin irritation in some people, so keep these plants away from small hands and small paws and wash them after handling.
11 popular Aglaonema varieties
There are dozens of different aglaonemas out there, and there are many “most popular” lists, each one very different from the next.
The following list includes well-known varieties and some less common but popular varieties among collectors to provide a more comprehensive perspective.
One of the newer varieties of aglaonema, “Calypso”, has upright stems that arch outward to produce a lush appearance.
This sport is more resistant to cold and can withstand temperatures as low as 30° Fahrenheit.
The shiny, twisted leaves are oval in shape, dark green with golden variegation.
It is a gentle grower, and once mature, it reaches between 24 and 36 inches in height.
‘Calypso’ is a kind of natural shade lovers, often found in hotel lobbies and other places, where it adds beautiful color and life.
This aglaonema comes from the Philippines and the northeastern part of Celebes and prefers homes with higher humidity.
It is very similar in appearance Dieffenbachia (Also known as dumb cane) but there are only 5 to 8 main lateral veins.
It can thrive in dappled sunlight, indirect light or shade, making it an excellent choice for filling plants or indoor spaces with insufficient sunlight.
The leaves are spear-shaped and dark green with light silver-green to wine-red veins.
Since the leaves can be 4 to 8 inches long, 2 to 3 inches wide, and fan out from the center point, they can create a statement without becoming too dense.
In this way, the stems with silver-gray spots can be seen very well.
Although not common, it is well known that the seasonal flowers bloom indoors, showing white spikes in green-white buds at some time between late summer and early autumn, followed by clusters of red berries.
‘Cutlass’, named for its long spear-shaped leaves, is a real start of conversation.
The leaves are variegated light silver green and dark green, mainly along the edges and central veins, forming a strong contrast.
This plant grows only 19 ⅔ inches tall, making it ideal for smaller spaces such as desks or countertops.
It is also a slow-growing plant with short stems and clusters that can make it look lush without frequent pruning.
‘Gemini’ is one of the taller varieties of aglaonema, reaching 4 feet tall and 3 feet wide at maturity.
It grows slowly and has a life span of up to 10 years. It is very suitable for lobby and other large indoor spaces.
Its spear-pointed leaves are rich green with milky white variegation.
Yellow-green traces can also be found on the leaves. This plant can grow well in almost any light environment except direct sunlight.
‘Maria’ has dense, spear-shaped leaves that can easily compete with the most popular large-leaf houseplants.
It has dark green leaves with light green to cream variegated colors and is dim enough to handle very poor lighting conditions without losing its color.
Mature plants tend to vary in height from 14 inches to 20 inches, and spread from 16 inches to 22 inches.
One of the most popular varieties of aglaonema, because it can help you remove toxins from your home, Ryegrass It is also prized for its leaves.
The large, waxy green leaves and pale green stems of this plant have white stripes, providing more contrast.
Leaves can give Marble queen pothos plant Running for their money, at the same time possessing a lustrous luster and the ability to thrive in low light conditions.
Its stem emerges from a central point, allowing the leaves to spread out as they become taller.
Interestingly, this rare non-variegated variety does have a variegated form that is very similar to the green dill “NJoy”, making it a good choice.
Aglaonema pictum tricolor
Carefully put this variety in your garden, otherwise it may disappear!
The leaves have a beautiful natural camouflage pattern, almost cream green, medium green and dark green.
Large oval leaves have irregular edges, which make them more integrated in the dappled sunlight.
Sometimes called a camouflage plant for obvious reasons, A. pictum Tricolor is a slow-growing plant that can reach 12 to 20 inches tall once it matures.
It is the rarest and most expensive aglaonema variety on this list, but experienced owners can propagate this plant through stem cuttings with enough care and effort.
Aglaonema rotundum grows to 24 inches tall, which is quite different from its siblings.
This Sumatran native has large, oval to round leaves with elongated pink stripes on a dark green background.
The almost vertical stems make the sparse leaves stand out because the leaves droop almost horizontally and are 12 to 18 inches wide.
The combination of large leaves and good spacing makes it an excellent choice for bookshelves and bookcases.
‘Siam’ is one of those breeds known for the many sports it creates, not the main breed itself.
Whether you choose “Siam Red”, “Siam Powder”, “Siam Jade”, “Siam Aurora”, or stick to the basic version, this is a plant that will definitely satisfy you.
It can grow up to 18 inches tall and has clustered vertical stems and narrow ovoid green leaves with distinctive red edges.
Unlike many other varieties, “Siam” needs bright indirect sunlight to maintain its color and occasionally bloom.
Its growth rate is relatively slow, and despite the high light requirements, it is still easy to maintain.
Agronema Silver Bay
This plant is a real treasure and can grow with very little maintenance, but it will reward you for your love for it.
When grown under more ideal conditions, this fast-growing plant will grow a new leaf almost every week.
The variegated color of “Silver Bay” varies greatly from leaf to leaf, with silver and light green to dark green competing for attention.
Each oval, shiny leaf unfolds from the central stem and is 12 inches long.
Placed in bright indirect sunlight, the plant will truly glow, although it can also grow in the shade.
Its close relative “Emerald Bay” has a darker silver-green variegated color and can still maintain its color in a much lower light environment.
Agronema Silver Queen
The “Silver Queen” that won the Royal Horticultural Society Garden Merit Award is the most common variety, and perhaps the most popular variety among Agronema fans.
Its leaves have thick spear-like silver cream and dark green variegated on short stems.
It can grow up to 24 inches tall, and the stem clusters result in a very lush variety.
It can also withstand low and medium light, making it an ideal choice for dormitories and offices.
When the conditions are not ideal, this is also a good substitute for many varieties of green dill and green dill.
“Silver Queen” is sometimes called “painted dripping tongue”.
It also has a sibling, the “Silver King”, with fewer stripes.
The list goes on…
Of course, we only have room for a few varieties of aglaonema, but if we at least don’t mention some other great varieties, we would be wrong.
Here are some other popular options to be aware of:
- Aglaonema widuri’Red peacock
- “Diamond Bay”
- “Emerald Bay”
- “The First Diamond”
- ‘Green Papaya’
- ‘Pink Dalmatia’
- “Pink Moon”
- ‘Red Anjamani’
- “Red Gold”
- “Red Valentine’s Day”
- “Siam Aurora”
- ‘Shiny Sarah’
- “Super White”
- ‘Su Zi’
- “White Rain”