Krinum [KRY-num a-see-AT-ee-kum] It is a soft perennial plant belonging to the Amaryllidaceae Osmanthus varieties.
Native to Indian Ocean islands in India, China, tropical Asia, Australia and Pacific islands.
Common names include:
- Asiatic Poisonous Lily
- Bathing beach
- Overlord Lake Beach
- Huge dome
- Seaside lily
- Poison Ball
- White hat
- Spider lily
- Big screen
- Huge dome
Some other Crinum species include:
- Pedicel -Commonly known as swamp lily.
- Crossin Nobility -Beautiful fuchsia leaves.
Scale and growth
Spider lilies can reach a height and width of 4 feet to 6 feet.
The leaves are evergreen and band-shaped.
They grow to about 4 inches – 5 inches long.
They grow in dense basal clusters and spread unscrupulously under proper conditions.
Crinum is a seasonal lantern plant, with large gorgeous, fragrant lily-like umbels.
The flowers are about 4 inches wide and 4 inches long.
The most active flowering time is summer to autumn, but in very warm places, they may bloom year-round.
The flowers are usually white flowers, but occasionally they are found to have red or purple hues or stripes.
Each flower has six petals and six long prominent stamens with red filaments on them.
The flowers bloom in large clusters 4 inches to 6 inches long on tall, thick, succulent stems about 6 inches above the leaves.
Light and temperature
White Crinum Lily is planted in a sunny place with plenty of sunlight. Excessive sunlight can cause leaves to scorch.
The bulbs can survive freezing temperatures, but freezing will kill the leaves. When spring arrives, it will grow back.
You must manage the factory differently according to your location.
In areas that are hardy in winter, the bulb can be left underground throughout the year. No special care is required.
In areas where it is in the winter cold-resistant vent, you must carefully plant it in a sheltered environment exposed to the south, and cover a lot throughout the winter.
In areas where the plant is not hardy, it is best to use it as a container plant or to dig out the bulb and bring it indoors for the winter.
This plant is hardy in the United States Hardiness Zones 10 to 11 (USDA area).
Watering and feeding
Crinum can tolerate short-term droughts, but still requires continuous watering.
Water and fertilize generously throughout the active growing season of the plant.
In areas where plants continue to grow over the winter, reduce watering during the colder months.
In winter, do not water in areas where the leaves are withered and the bulbs are dormant.
Soil and transplant
This tropical plant likes fertile, organic soil that is rich in organic matter and is always moist.
When raising lilies as potted plants, use a container that is only a few inches larger than the bulb.
This plant grows well when potted.
When planting, do not bury the bulbs completely.
Instead, place them in the soil with the neck of the bulb exposed.
Make sure to bring the potted plants indoors before the first frost and do not return them to the outdoor environment until all frost hazards have passed.
Beauty and maintenance
If you want to prevent unnecessary spread, the dead ends will bloom in spring and summer.
Trim any dead leaves throughout the growing season.
Trim the leaves before the cold winter.
In cold regions, a large amount of cover should be used in winter to protect the bulbs.
Other Crinum of interest:
How to breed white lilies
Crinum forms bulbs (tubes) at the base of the flower head.
These are not seeds, but plant them to grow new plants.
If left to fend for themselves, the bulb will become very heavy, causing the stem to fall to the ground.
Within a few weeks, the bulbs take root and grow.
New plants may start with variegated leaves and then become pure green when they mature.
To propagate or share plants, wait until the process goes smoothly, and then dig and divide new plants.
This is much easier than trying to divide mature plants.
The Crinum bulb grows very large.
Once mature, the weight of the underground bulb is between 10-25 pounds.
Lily pests or disease problems
This plant may be troubled by snails and grasshoppers chewing on the leaves.
The plant is also susceptible to anthrax.
Is Crinum poisonous or poisonous?
All parts of Crinum Lilies are very poisonous, and you should be careful to choose a planting location that is inaccessible to children and pets.
The whole plant contains a variety of alkaloids, such as lycorine and tazetin.
Always wear gloves and long sleeves when pruning or handling plants.
Clean in time after the task is completed.
Although these plants are very poisonous, they have been used as medicinal plants in local folk medicine.
These medicinal uses include pastes made from heated and crushed fresh leaves, which are used to treat bruises, sprains, fractures, bone pain, and rheumatism.
Is Crinum Lily invasive?
It is hardy in subtropical regions of the world and is very popular as a garden plant.
Because of this, it is naturalized far away from its place of origin in Southeast Asia.
Although the plant is not classified as an invasive plant, it has been largely naturalized in the subtropical regions of California, Louisiana, and Florida.
Strangely, it is considered critically endangered in the mainland of Singapore.
Suggested uses for spider lily
Crinum Lily has many uses in the landscape. It is especially suitable for wet places, such as the edge of a pond.
Make very good border plants or good large-scale planting in large open areas.
As container plants, they are attractive and easy to care for, but you must remember that moving them from one place to another can be a bit cumbersome due to the very large size of the bulbs.